What is Cyberbullying and Cyberstalking

Cyberbullying and cyberstalking are both forms of online harassment and abuse that involve the use of digital communication tools to target and intimidate individuals. While they share similarities, they have distinct characteristics:


Cyberbullying refers to the deliberate and repeated use of digital communication platforms, such as social media, text messages, emails, or online forums, to harass, threaten, embarrass, or humiliate another person. It often involves a power imbalance, where the perpetrator seeks to exert control over the victim. Cyberbullying can take various forms, including:

Harassment: Sending hurtful, offensive, or threatening messages or comments to the victim.

Impersonation: Creating fake profiles or accounts to impersonate or mock the victim.

Exclusion: Deliberately excluding someone from online groups or conversations.

Public Shaming: Posting embarrassing or humiliating content about the victim to a wide audience.

Flaming: Engaging in online arguments or fights with the intention of upsetting the victim.

Outing: Sharing private or sensitive information about the victim without their consent.

Cyberbullying can have serious emotional and psychological effects on the victim, leading to anxiety, depression, low self-esteem, and even suicidal thoughts. Many jurisdictions have laws or policies in place to address cyberbullying and hold perpetrators accountable.


Cyberstalking involves using electronic communication tools to repeatedly harass, threaten, or intimidate a person. Unlike cyberbullying, cyberstalking often goes beyond emotional harm and may involve a genuine threat to the victim’s safety. Key characteristics of cyberstalking include:

Persistent Harassment: Repeated and unwanted messages, emails, or communications that instill fear or distress in the victim.

Tracking and Monitoring: Monitoring the victim’s online activities, location, or personal information without their consent.

Threats: Making explicit threats of harm, violence, or defamation towards the victim.

Unwanted Advances: Sending unsolicited and inappropriate sexual or romantic messages.

False Accusations: Making false accusations against the victim with the intent to harm their reputation or well-being.

Cyberstalking can escalate to physical stalking or violence in some cases. It is important to take cyberstalking seriously and report it to law enforcement authorities if you believe you are a victim.

Both cyberbullying and cyberstalking can be deeply distressing experiences for victims. It’s essential for individuals to be aware of these behaviors, take steps to protect their online presence, and seek support from trusted friends, family members, or professionals if they become targets of such harassment. Additionally, online platforms and social media networks often have reporting mechanisms in place to address instances of cyberbullying or cyberstalking.

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