A poorly configured WiFi router can pose a risk to your data or still worse implicate you in cyber crime as anyone with access to your WiFi network can potentially commit cyber crime from your network to implicate you in the crime.
- To secure your WiFi router it is extremely important to change your default router administration login details and the SSID credentials
- Once you secure your credentials, configure the router to ensure data exchange happens in a secure manner and an outsider wont be able to access your information
Access your router's administrator settings
You need to access your router’s admin console to access your wireless router settings. Click on these links to access your router settings – 192.168.1.1 or 22.214.171.124 or you can alternatively type these IPs in your web browser and then enter the correct username and password for your router. Since each router is different, your router’s admin console may be hosted on a different IP, so please check your router’s manual for more specific information.
Change the default login credentials of your router
After logging into the router, the first thing you need to do to protect your network is to change the router’s default password to something more secure. Routers are shipped with default username and password. e.g. Linksys routers have a default username as username and password as Password. Anyone with access to your wi-fi network can hack into your router and monitor your internet traffic
Change the SSID name and password of your Network
SSID is the name that you usually see when you search for network. The SSID (or wireless network name) of the wireless router is usually predefined as “default” or set to the brand name of the router (e.g. Linksys). It is good practice to change the SSID name of the network as it makes it easier to know which network you are connecting to. Configure a strong password to keep strangers from logging into your network
Enable network encryption
To prevent other computers in your area from using your Internet connection, you need to encrypt your wireless signal. There are several encryption methods for wireless settings, including WPA (WPA-Personal), WEP, and WPA2. WPA2 & WPA3 are the most secure options. WEP and WPA are older protocols and the weaknesses in these protocols are addressed in WPA2 & WPA3.
Store your credentials in a secure manner
Nothing can be more annoying than forgetting a password and finding ways to retrieve it. Unlike your personal mail or social networking accounts where you can retrieve passwords on an alternate e-mail account, you have to perform a hardware reset to reset your password. Which will also lead to lack of internet access until the router is configured again. Use the offline password manager feature on the InfoSecyour android app to store your passwords safely.
Other security recommendations
- Consider using MAC filtering.
- Router Firmware Upgrade
You should occasionally check the manufacturer’s site to see if your router is running the latest firmware. You can find your router’s existing firmware version using the router dashboard.